Superior Court of California - County of Orange

Hearing Types

Please Note
Criminal cases have various stages of the proceedings customarily set and heard by the court. Listed below are customary hearings set by the court on misdemeanor and felony matters.

Misdemeanor

Arraignment: The defendant is brought before the court to plead to the charges in the complaint.

Pre-Trial: A conference of both the prosecuting attorney and defense to discuss the possibility of disposing of a case prior to a trial.

Motions: An oral or written request made by a party to the court for a ruling or order directing some act or action to be performed.

Court Trial: There is no jury and a judicial officer determines both the issues of law and the facts of a case. The judicial officer will determine guilt or innocence and impose sentence.

Jury Trial: The case is presented to a jury and the factual questions and the final judgment are determined by a jury.

Sentencing: (Terminal Disposition), (Formal/Informal Probation): Judgment of the court.

Terminal disposition: A sentence doesn’t include probation and will close once the terms of the sentence are satisfied.

Formal/Informal Probation: Supervised by Probation Dept/Non Supervised by Probation. Conditional sentence in lieu of imposing the maximum penalty and subject to conditions imposed by the court.

Probation Violation Arraignment/Hearing: Failure to comply with a term or condition of probation.

Probation Modification: Request to modify a term or condition of probation.

Felony

Arraignment: The defendant is brought before the court to plead to the charges in the complaint.

Pre-Trial: A conference of both the prosecuting attorney and defense to discuss the possibility of disposing of a case prior to a trial.

Motions: An oral or written request made by a party to the court for a ruling or order directing some act or action to be performed.

Preliminary Hearing: Hearing by a judge to determine if there is enough evidence to convict the person of the charges before them. If so, they will be held to answer to Superior Court and a new charging document titled an Information will be filed.

Held to Answer/Arraignment: New charging document titled an Information will be filed and defendant is arraigned again.

Trial Setting Conference: If after discussions between counsel and the court and no disposition having been reached, the case is given a trial date with pre-trial motions set as needed.

Pre-Trial: A conference of both the prosecuting attorney and defense to discuss the possibility of disposing of a case prior to a trial.

Motions: An oral or written request made by a party to the court for a ruling or order directing some act or action to be performed.

Court Trial: There is no jury and a judicial officer determines both the issues of law and the facts of a case. The judicial officer will determine guilt or innocence and impose sentence.

Jury Trial: The case is presented to a jury and the factual questions and the final judgment are determined by a jury.

Sentencing: (Terminal Disposition), (Formal/Informal Probation) (State Prison): Judgment of the court.

Terminal disposition: A sentence doesn’t include probation and will close once the terms of the sentence are satisfied.

Formal/Informal Probation: Supervised by Probation Dept/Non Supervised by Probation. Conditional sentence in lieu of imposing the maximum penalty and subject to conditions imposed by the court.

Probation Violation Arraignment/Hearing: Failure to comply with a term or condition of probation.

Probation Modification: Request to modify a term or condition of probation.

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